Life & Style

The Use and Abuse of Nutritional Supplements (The Right Way to Do It)

Arbitrary use of nutritional supplements is not uncommon. Lots of people take multivitamin, vitamin B, K, D, B12, biotin, zinc, magnesium, iron supplements, believing that it will make up for any nutrient deficiencies in their body and also solve their health problems. Will do But is it possible to overdose on supplements? let’s find out
Dr. Sanjay Raina, Head, Department of Internal Medicine, Amrita Hospital, Faridabad shared, “Uncontrolled nutritional intake of multivitamins can lead to excessive poisoning. For example, excess vitamin A is toxic to the liver, skin and nervous system. Excess of vitamin D is harmful for kidney due to excess of calcium.Nutritionist Kavita Devgan adds, “Any supplement taken indiscriminately will only do harm. Supplements should be taken only after testing and on the advice of a dietitian or doctor. For example, Too much zinc can cause nausea, loss of appetite and low levels of good HDL cholesterol. Too much magnesium can cause diarrhea or an irregular heartbeat. Too much iron can cause organ damage. These are the effects we know about, there may be many more that haven’t been studied or researched yet.”

Dr. Sandeep Sonawane, Consultant, Internal Medicine at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai believes that a balanced diet consisting of fresh fruits and vegetables can easily meet the daily nutritional requirements. “Ahead, It is important to use caution when taking supplements that contain metals, as they can cause kidney and liver damage. Hence, it is best to consume such supplements only after taking proper medical advice.
“Excessive or uncontrolled consumption of nutritional supplements can result in nutrient toxicity, especially heavy metal toxicity, which can damage essential organs such as the kidneys, liver, eyes, brain, and skin. Can lead to acidity and gastritis. Excess intake of zinc, selenium, and magnesium can also have harmful effects on the kidneys. Also, excessive calcium intake can lead to kidney stone formation. Therefore, it is important to take nutritional supplements to ensure that It is important to regulate the consumption of supplements such that they are beneficial rather than harmful to your health.”

The Right Way to Take a Vitamin D Supplement

Many of us randomly choose sachets of Vitamin D, with limited knowledge that it needs to be taken on a weekly basis. But that’s not all, says Dr Sandeep. ,Vitamin D supplements come in two forms: oil-based and water-based. Oil-based supplements are best taken after a significant meal, as they are better absorbed when consumed with food. Water-based supplements, on the other hand, can be taken without regard to meals. Since vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin, oil-based preparations are preferred over water-based supplements.

The dosage of Vitamin D supplements is determined based on the deficiency and requirements of an individual, and it is recommended to consult a doctor for the exact dosage and duration of treatment.

The Right Way to Take Iron Supplements

Iron supplements are required only when a person is deficient in iron or during pregnancy. Dr. Sanjay suggests that the dosage and duration of iron therapy depend on the degree of deficiency. ,Iron should be taken on an empty stomach for better absorption but can be taken with food if empty stomach is not tolerated. Concurrently vitamin C enhances the absorption of iron.,

It is important to control the intake of iron as excessive consumption can lead to stomach upset and other related problems, says Dr Sandeep.

Pros and Cons of Random Health Testing

One can forgo the annual health package after reaching the age of 40 years. “However, it is important to note that some health packages may include non-specific tests that are not required for routine check-ups. If a person is suffering from a disease, their health check-up may include diseases related to their condition- Specific tests should be included. Consulting a healthcare professional is advised to determine the appropriate health package that meets one’s specific needs, shares Dr. Sandeep.

There are many clinical health screenings available in the market today. These offer discounted price but contain many tests which are not really needed for that person. Minor abnormalities visible in the tests lead to avoidable worry and subsequent unnecessary doctor consultations, says Dr Sanjay.

Random health tests can have an adverse psychological effect, cause paranoia, high stress that negatively affects the body. Plus a hole in the pocket. Trials that involved radiation exposure fared notably worse, Kavita concludes.


Clearly, an overdose of the nutrient can have serious side effects. This makes it important to plan your meals in such a way that it complements your body well. Consulting your doctor will help you know about the right diagnosis and dosage as well as the right tests for your body. Remember to count how many nutrients you’re getting from your food sources. This consciousness will go a long way…


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