Google Doodle on the 80th birth anniversary of Mario Molina, the scientist who helped save the ozone layer
Google on Sunday celebrated the 80th birth anniversary of renowned Mexican chemist Dr. Mario Molina with a colorful Doodle. Co-recipient of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Mr. Molina is credited with successfully bringing governments together to save the planet’s ozone layer. He was one of the researchers who revealed how the chemical destroys Earth’s ozone shield, which is vital for protecting humans, plants and wildlife from harmful ultraviolet light.
Mario Molina was born on March 19, 1943 in Mexico City. He was so fond of science as a child that he converted his bathroom into a makeshift laboratory. Google notes that nothing can compare to the joy of seeing tiny creatures in its toy microscope.
“I was attracted to science even before I entered high school. I still remember my excitement when I first glimpsed paramecia and amoebas through a primitive toy microscope,” Dr Molina wrote in a biography on the Nobel site.
He then earned a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering from the National Autonomous University of Mexico and advanced degrees from the University of Freiburg, Germany. After completing his studies, he moved to the United States to do postdoctoral research at the University of California, Berkeley and later at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
In the early 1970s, Dr. Molina began researching how synthetic chemicals affect Earth’s atmosphere. He was one of the first to discover that chlorofluorocarbons were breaking down ozone and allowing ultraviolet radiation to reach the Earth’s surface.
He and his co-researchers published their findings in the journal Nature, which won them the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. The revolutionary research became the foundation of the Montreal Protocol, an international treaty that successfully banned the production of nearly 100 ozone-depleting substances. chemicals.
In 2013, President Barack Obama also awarded Dr. Molina the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor in the US.
Dr. Molina passed away on October 7, 2020 at the age of 77 due to a heart attack. The Mario Molina Center, a leading research institute in Mexico, continues its work to create a more sustainable world.